To the Butler University Board of Trustees:
Butler University prides itself on being a progressive institution. From its abolitionist roots to the student body’s emphasis on the “Butler Way,” our community strives to be one of inclusion, social responsibility, and forward thinking. In accord with the university’s emphasis on social justice, climate change is a social justice issue. The social cost of carbon, which encompasses the economic and social damages that result from GHG emissions, is a crucial consideration.
"A recent U.S. government study concluded, based on the results of three widely used economic impact models, that an additional ton of carbon dioxide emitted in 2015 would cause $37 worth of economic damages. These damages are expected to take various forms, including decreased agricultural yields, harm to human health and lower worker productivity, all related to climate change.
But according to a new study, published... in the journal Nature Climate Change, the actual cost could be much higher. 'We estimate that the social cost of carbon is not $37 per ton, as previously estimated, but $220 per ton,' said study coauthor Frances Moore, a PhD candidate in the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources in Stanford's School of Earth Sciences." Source: Stanford University News, Jan 12, 2015
Based on Moore’s estimate, Butler University will shift $8,438,980 in social and economic damages onto others as a result of its GHG emissions in 2020. Moreover, each year that Butler fails to enact substantial climate action, these avoidable social costs will continue to be incurred. By failing to take responsibility for our greenhouse gas emissions, we displace the social burden of carbon onto the most vulnerable populations, often BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color) communities who have long lived in less desirable areas due to deeply ingrained systemic racism. These so-called “sacrifice zones” enable wealthier (and often white) communities to transfer the consequences of their own greenhouse gas emissions onto other groups of people. As a predominantly white institution, Butler University must acknowledge the social implications of its GHG emissions.
In 2012, President Danko committed to carbon neutrality at Butler by 2050 and to reducing GHG emissions by 45% by 2030 and 15% by 2020. However, a 2020 report showed that net GHG emissions saw a 33.00% net increase between the 2011 baseline year and 2020. Although Butler acquired new buildings on South campus during this period, which in part explains an emissions increase, it is clear that climate action is not occurring at the pace merited by the extreme circumstances we face.
In addition, an integrated sustainability effort across campus will make Butler a more appealing environment for current and prospective students, staff, employees, and visitors. Many of the measures necessary to achieve this are already outlined in the Butler University Sustainability and Climate Action Plan (BUSCA) 2020 addendum, which recognizes the severity of the climate crisis. The planned measures include improvements in food sourcing, greenhouse gas reductions, waste and land management, transportation, and water usage, among others. If made a university-wide priority, these already-defined measures will enable the advance of Butler’s carbon neutrality deadline to 2030. Many of these measures, such as improved bicycling infrastructure and tree diversity, also have secondary benefits that will make campus a more enjoyable place.
The climate crisis is the defining issue of our generation. As Butler students, we take pride in attending an institution that leads with its values and strives to overcome its shortcomings. We demand urgent climate action based on the measures outlined in the 2020 BUSCA addendum, with the ultimate goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2030. This goal is quite feasible; institutions much larger than Butler, like Arizona State University, have already achieved carbon neutrality.
Butler has the capacity to become a leader in sustainability among Midwestern universities. With courage and proactivity rather than complacency, we can take responsibility for our share of the climate crisis by becoming carbon neutral by 2030.
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(photo by SungAh Kim)
Dear Indiana University Board of Trustees,
Climate change poses an existential threat to the future of humanity. The entire world must act collaboratively in manifesting the sustainable future our planet needs. At the Paris Climate Accords in 2016, the world's top scientists agreed that nations, states, cities, businesses, and even universities must play their part in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to avoid the worst consequences of climate change. A method that these institutions are implementing to reduce their emissions is achieving carbon neutrality. Carbon neutrality refers to maintaining a balance between emitting and mitigating carbon emissions in the atmosphere, with the overarching goal of achieving a net-zero carbon footprint. Carbon neutrality can be achieved through various means such as switching to 100% renewable energy, investing in energy efficiency, waste reduction, planting trees, and offsetting emissions.
We, the students of Indiana University, are graduating into a world that is collapsing ecologically. Yet, IU continues to play a role in perpetuating the climate crisis by emitting more than its fair share of GHG emissions. Every year that IU decides not to take responsibility and internalize the true social costs of carbon, IU is deciding to shift between $25,251,000 in social costs onto the most vulnerable (according to the EPA) and $150,083,000 (according to researchers at Stanford University). Examples of social costs include lower agricultural yields, harm to human health, and lower worker productivity. Although IU is committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, this commitment does not go far enough in addressing the urgency of climate change. IU must lead the fight against the climate crisis and become carbon neutral by 2030.
Already, universities are taking a leadership stance and doing their part in reducing GHG emissions. Colby College (carbon negative), Middlebury College (carbon negative), American University (carbon negative), Bowdoin College, Colgate University, University of San Francisco (carbon negative), Bates College, Colorado College, and Dickinson College have already achieved carbon neutrality with many others having plans to be carbon neutral by 2030 or sooner. Arizona State, University of Florida, Duke University, UCLA, and Oregon State University have action plans to become carbon neutral by 2025 or sooner. It is evident that carbon neutrality is being successfully achieved by universities in the United States and is easily achievable for Indiana University.
Data from the Indiana Climate Change Impacts Assessment provide us with a look at how our state will be affected. Indiana University should take responsibility for their GHG emissions as it not only affects the most vulnerable communities but directly affects our Hoosier community as well. Extreme weather such as flooding and heatwaves will become a normal part of Hoosier life. Indiana has already warmed 1.2°F since 1895. Temperatures are projected to rise about 5°F to 6°F by mid-century, with significantly more warming by century’s end. Rising temperature increases the chance of extreme heat, which has an array of negative effects on both human health and agriculture. Furthermore, the average annual precipitation has increased by 5.6 inches since 1895, and heavy downpours are becoming more common. Increased precipitation, especially in the form of heavy rain events, will increase flooding risks and pollute water as combined sewer systems overflow and fertilizers run off of farm fields. Extreme weather is affecting the economy, health, and overall livability of our state and region and will only become more frequent and intense in the years to come.
Although our world has been transformed from the effects of COVID-19, as a society, we cannot afford to be complacent with the existential threat of climate change. Indiana University must take action in becoming carbon neutral by 2030 in order to be a responsible leader for its students, employees, as well as the broader Hoosier community. Although this is sooner than IU’s current goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, we urge you to recognize that we cannot delay reducing GHG emissions. In pursuit of carbon neutrality, IU needs to undertake actions such as waste reduction, increasing campus energy efficiency, planting trees, and purchasing carbon offsets. Following successful models from other universities, these actions should be conducted via a carbon-neutral task force that is a collaboration between students, faculty, and university administration.
On behalf of future generations, those who are marginalized and absorb the worst effects of climate change as well as all life on our shared planet-- we demand climate action from IU. Our demands are informed by the IU Bloomington Faculty Council’s April 7th, 2020 Climate Resolution.